Liverpool History Animation
1207 - 2007

Celebrating Liverpool's 800 Year History through Animation

         

The second world war saw waves of German planes bombing huge areas of UK cities.  After London, Liverpool was the worst hit area in the country.  This is because Liverpool was a major shipping port and very important to the British war effort. The Liverpool docks brought in food and materials vital to the country.

When war broke out in 1939, thousands of Liverpool children were evacuated to the safety of nearby North Wales.  Over the course of 1940, Liverpool suffered 300 raids by German bombers, huge parts of the city were destroyed, and many wonderful buildings were lost forever.

The devastation was worse still during May 1941 when there was a huge attack by over 600 German planes.  This bombing raid is now known as ‘The Blitz’ (from the German word blitzkrieg meaning ‘lightening war’)  nearly 2000 Liverpool people were killed in one week alone and many more than this were left homeless and injured.

As well as being a major shipping port and navy base, Liverpool was also home to the headquarters of the Western Approaches Command – A strategic base for the Navy to plan the Battle of the Atlantic Sea.  Captain Frederic John Walker masterminded the Atlantic sea battles from Liverpool, and his command destroyed 20 German U-Boats. A statue can be found at the Liverpool’s Pier Head in his honour.

For everyday people the war meant terrible hardship – unimaginable for us today. With food in short supply, food rationing was introduced, with families only being allowed certain small amounts of food per week. This lasted for 10 years!  Even the football league stopped - with no matches played for 6 years. During the bombing raids families would be forced to take refuge in an air-raid shelter, usually in their garden, but many did not have this ‘luxury’. 

Despite being the worst period in Liverpool’s history, the War brought people together in a way that perhaps wouldn't happen today.  Winston Churchill himself commented after the Liverpool Blitz that “I see the damage done by the enemy attacks but I also see the spirit of an unconquered people.”

By a strange twist of history, Hilter's brother himself lived in Liverpool before the war and it is believed that the young Adolf Hitler himself visited the city once and had a pint in the Poste House pub on Cumberland Street.

See our collection of Liverpool Blitz photos


Read more about Liverpool during the Second World War

Liverpool Spirit of The Blitz

Liverpool Blitz timeline

Finest Hour – Contains audio files of Liverpool Blitz memories

BBC People’s War – huge bank of audio files and recollections

Liverpool Museums Liverpool Blitz interactive site

Liverpool in the Blitz

Western approaches – Liverpool Headquarters

Timbo’s Liverpool Blitz

BBC - Children’s life during the war

Hitler living in Liverpool

Liverpool Evacuation
Children evacuated at Lime Street Station
Hitler in Liverpool
1940's cartoon referencing Hitler's visit to Liverpool
Captain Walker
Statue in memory of
Captain Walker
Blitz Statue
Statue in memory of
those killed in the Blitz
Liverpool Blitz
The Queen Victoria Staute remains today, but look how
much of the Castle Street / North John Street area was destroyed in the Blitz.